Has it happened to you that after meals you feel a lot of heartburn or gastric reflux? Or maybe you feel a bad taste in your mouth? If this happens to you at least 2 times a week, after meals or bending over or even before bedtime and you are relieved when taking antacids, then you are very likely to suffer from GERD! This is known as gastric or gastroesophageal reflux disease.
If it is not diagnosed and treated in time, it can eventually lead to major problems such as Barrett’s esophagus that predisposes even more to suffer from esophageal tumors, but calm down! We will advise you with 6 key tips that you should do to avoid gastric reflux and if you already suffer it, then you will manage to control your disease and slow down the course of it.
What is Gastric Reflux?
Gastroesophageal reflux is nothing more than the regurgitation or return of stomach contents into the esophagus, which is that tubular organ that connects the mouth to the stomach and through which food and / or drinks run.
Why Does This Happen?
Generally it is because in the path of the esophagus there are sphincters – imagine them as rings that function as gates – that open and close during the passage of food and that once in digestion it must be closed, which is not achieved when gastric or gastroesophageal reflux occurs favoring food to return to the esophagus.
How do I Know If I Suffer from Gastric Reflux?
The diagnosis of this entity is established by imaging studies such as esophagogastroduodenal endoscopy, however the clinical history with the presence of typical symptoms is the best tool to suspect this disease. Its two most frequent symptoms are heartburn (burning sensation or burning behind the chest) and the feeling of return of food from the stomach to the mouth. Many times it can leave a bad taste.
What Should I Do to Avoid Gastric Reflux?
1. Get Away! Of Acidic, Fatty and Spicy Foods
The high content of lipids or fats in meals or rather those very seasoned represent an important factor that contributes to you suffer from reflux, since it also delays gastric emptying and with this the digestion process. A super tip to season your meals!
“Prefer cooking techniques that give you less fat, such as boiling, baking”.
To season, use aromatic herbs such as thyme, rosemary, bay leaf. Avoid the peppers.
2. Avoid the Following Drinks:
If you want to prevent gastric reflux or if you already suffer from it because you control your disease, you should avoid carbonated, carbonated and citrus drinks at all costs, since by increasing the gas content of the stomach they favor the regurgitation of food, in addition to that it worsens abdominal bloating
If you are drinking tea, avoid mint (as it relaxes the esophageal sphincter), and dairy drinks should also be skimmed. Dare to eat light yogurt.
3. Run Away from Coffee and Chocolate!
Undoubtedly, most people who suffer from gastric or gastroesophageal reflux are those who have very pronounced caffeine habits. Coffee, chocolate and other drinks generally dark in color contain a high degree of caffeine that this is the number one enemy that must be defeated, since it stimulates the production of acid by the stomach cells and thus worsens your condition.
Switch for soft tea, apple or pear juices, as these contain less citrus.
4. Limit the Consumption of these Foods:
Remember: Everything that has fat makes reflux worse! Foods of animal origin with high lipid content, tomato, very heavy soups or made with milk as well as pasta sauces, are the main foods that you should limit. To avoid gastric reflux, diets based on the higher consumption of proteins against fats are recommended, so you can eat more white meats (chicken, poultry, fish) that also offer the advantage of low-fat content and are very versatile for Cook and season.
5. For Bed: 1, 2 and … Now!
Another enemy for reflux! You should not immediately after eating bedtime, since remember that the sphincter of the esophagus is trying to stay closed while you digest your food, if you do it, due to the effect of gravity and a set of intra-abdominal pressures, you will favor reflux. Ideally, wait 2 hours after bedtime meal. If you have many nocturnal symptoms, you will benefit from placing the head of your bed at approximately 15 ° or you increase the number of pillows you sleep with.
6. Goodbye to Alcohol and Tobacco!
This combination, or separately, is lethal to your stomach (and of course, for your entire organism). Alcohol stimulates, like tobacco, and even stress, acid production, delays gastric emptying and decreases the production of saliva and other substances such as bicarbonate that help counteract stomach acid.